Rosalía de Castro was born in Santiago de Compostela in 1837 in a house in Camiño Novo, now called Avenida de Rosalía de Castro. Her mother, María Teresa de la Cruz de Castro y Abadía, was from a noble family, and her father, José Martínez Viojo, was a priest in the Collegiate Church of Iria. In 1858 she married the historian and writer Manuel Murguía, with whom she had seven children.
Rosalía de Castro is considered the representative Galician writer in the world. On the one hand, she was the writer that best depicted the sufferings and hopes of an entire people, the one that best identified with the aspirations of working-class Galicia. On the other hand, as a woman she constantly condemned the social, political and literary discrimination experienced by women and made them the protagonists of her extraordinary literary output, in Galician and in Spanish, in prose or poetry. There is probably no better symbol of her life and work than the Sar River, which also forms the backbone of this proposed route.
“In Rosalía’s Footsteps” is a documented update by Anxo Angueira (President of the Rosalía de Castro Foundation) of the route proposed by Avelino Abuín de Tembra in 1980, which he himself introduced as follows: